Plants – General  
common_namescientific_name
Alismataceae - Water Plantains
Northern Water PlantainAlisma triviale
Broadleaf ArrowheadSagittaria latifolia
Araceae - Arums
Jack-in-the-pulpitArisaema triphyllum
Common DuckweedLemna minor
Greater DuckweedSpirodela polyrhiza
Eastern Skunk CabbageSymplocarpus foetidus
Butomaceae - Butomus
Flowering-rushButomus umbellatus
Hydrocharitaceae - Tape Grasses
American eelgrassVallisneria americana
Potamogetonaceae - Pondweed
PondweedPotamogeton
Apiaceae - Umbelliferae
Fool's parsleyAethusa cynapium
Cow ParsleyAnthriscus sylvestris
spreading chervilChaerophyllum procumbens
poison hemlockConium maculatum
Coriandrum
honewortCryptotaenia canadensis
wild carrotDaucus carota
LovageLevisticum officinale
hairy sweet cicelyOsmorhiza claytonii
wild parsnipPastinaca sativa
sanicleSanicula
clustered black snakerootSanicula odorata
Scandiceae
Apioideae
Araliaceae
American spikenardAralia racemosa
wild sarsaparillaAralia nudicaulis
spikenardsAralia
Aquifoliaceae - Holly
winterberry hollyIlex verticillata
Amaryllidaceae - Amaryllis
Canadian Meadow garlicAllium canadense
common snowdropGalanthus nivalis
wild daffodilNarcissus pseudonarcissus
Asparagaceae - Asparagas
European lily of the valleyConvallaria majalis
Canada mayflowerMaianthemum canadense
false Solomon's sealMaianthemum racemosum
Grape hyacinthsMuscari
common star-of-BethlehemOrnithogalum umbellatum
hairy Solomon's-sealPolygonatum pubescens
Striped SquillPuschkinia scilloides
Siberian squillScilla siberica
Forbes' Glory-of-the-snowScilla forbesii
Boissier's Glory-of-the-snowScilla luciliae
Dragon tree subfamilyNolinoideae
Asphodelaceae - Asphodels
orange day-lilyHemerocallis fulva
Iridaceae - Iris & Crocus
White CrocusCrocus albiflorus
Spring CrocusCrocus vernus
northern blue flagIris versicolor
Bearded irisIris × germanica
Orchidaceae - Orchids
pink lady's slipperCypripedium acaule
yellow lady's slipperCypripedium parviflorum
Broad-leafed HelleborineEpipactis helleborine
Asteraceae - Asters/Compositae
Common YarrowAchillea millefolium
white snakerootAgeratina altissima
common ragweedAmbrosia artemisiifolia
pearly everlastingAnaphalis margaritacea
Field PussytoesAntennaria neglecta
greater burdockArctium lappa
lesser burdockArctium minus
common mugwortArtemisia vulgaris
sweet annieArtemisia annua
devil's beggarticksBidens frondosa
Bur MarigoldsBidens
Tall BeggarticksBidens vulgata
Brown KnapweedCentaurea jacea
CornflowerCentaurea cyanus
Canada thistleCirsium arvense
Bull ThistleCirsium vulgare
flat-top white asterDoellingeria umbellata
purple coneflowerEchinacea purpurea
Eastern BurnweedErechtites hieraciifolius
horseweedErigeron canadensis
Philadelphia fleabaneErigeron philadelphicus
daisy fleabaneErigeron strigosus
annual fleabaneErigeron annuus
common bonesetEupatorium perfoliatum
large-leaved asterEurybia macrophylla
flat-topped goldenrodEuthamia graminifolia
spotted Joe-Pye weedEutrochium maculatum
Hollow Joe-Pye WeedEutrochium fistulosum
Indian blanketGaillardia pulchella
shaggy soldierGalinsoga quadriradiata
common sneezeweedHelenium autumnale
Southern SneezeweedHelenium flexuosum
false sunflowerHeliopsis helianthoides
Wall hawkweedHieracium murorum
ElecampaneInula helenium
tall blue lettuceLactuca biennis
prickly lettuceLactuca serriola
nipplewortLapsana communis
hawkbitLeontodon
oxeye daisyLeucanthemum vulgare
German ChamomileMatricaria chamomilla
pineapple-weedMatricaria discoidea
tall rattlesnakerootNabalus altissimus
whorled wood asterOclemena acuminata
ButterbursPetasites
orange hawkweedPilosella aurantiaca
meadow hawkweedPilosella caespitosa
black-eyed SusanRudbeckia hirta
brown-eyed SusanRudbeckia triloba
orange coneflowerRudbeckia fulgida
cutleaf coneflowerRudbeckia laciniata
Autumn HawkbitScorzoneroides autumnalis
broad-leaved goldenrodSolidago flexicaulis
Canada goldenrodSolidago canadensis
rough-stemmed goldenrodSolidago rugosa
rough-stemmed goldenrodSolidago rugosa
tall goldenrodSolidago altissima
broad-leaved goldenrodSolidago flexicaulis
Grey GoldenrodSolidago nemoralis
early goldenrodSolidago juncea
Perennial Sow ThistleSonchus arvensis
prickly sowthistleSonchus asper
American astersSymphyotrichum
calico asterSymphyotrichum lateriflorum
panicled asterSymphyotrichum lanceolatum
Common Blue Wood AsterSymphyotrichum cordifolium
New England asterSymphyotrichum novae-angliae
feverfewTanacetum parthenium
tansyTanacetum vulgare
common dandelionTaraxacum officinale
red-seeded dandelionTaraxacum erythrospermum
meadow salsifyTragopogon pratensis
colt's-footTussilago farfara
Campanulaceae - Bellflowers
Nettle-leaved BellflowerCampanula trachelium
Creeping BellflowerCampanula rapunculoides
cardinal flowerLobelia cardinalis
Indian tobaccoLobelia inflata
Boraginaceae - Borage/Forget-me-nots
BorageBorago officinalis
common viper's buglossEchium vulgare
stickseedHackelia virginiana
Virginia waterleafHydrophyllum virginianum
Common GromwellLithospermum officinale
Wood Forget-me-notMyosotis sylvatica
water forget-me-notMyosotis scorpioides
LungwortPulmonaria officinalis
ComfreySymphytum
Brassicaceae - Cabbages etc
garlic mustardAlliaria petiolata
bitter wintercressBarbarea vulgaris
shepherd's-purseCapsella bursa-pastoris
narrow-leaved bittercressCardamine impatiens
CuckooflowerCardamine pratensis
Two-leaved ToothwortCardamine diphylla
cut-leaved toothwortCardamine concatenata
annual wall-rocketDiplotaxis muralis
White Wall-rocketDiplotaxis erucoides
wormseed wallflowerErysimum cheiranthoides
dame's rocketHesperis matronalis
field peppergrassLepidium campestre
Annual HonestyLunaria annua
Bog YellowcressRorippa palustris
Creeping YellowcressRorippa sylvestris
Wild MustardSinapis arvensis
field penny-cressThlaspi arvense
Amaranthaceae - Amaranths
amaranthsAmaranthus
Redroot AmaranthAmaranthus retroflexus
Common LambsquartersChenopodium album
GoosefootsChenopodium
Common LambsquartersChenopodium album
oak-leaved goosefootOxybasis glauca
Caryophyllaceae - Pinks/Carnations
mouse-ear chickweedCerastium fontanum
Deptford pinkDianthus armeria
white campionSilene latifolia
bladder campionSilene vulgaris
lesser stitchwortStellaria graminea
chickweedsStellaria
Common Chickweed ComplexStellaria media
Montiaceae
Virginia spring beautyClaytonia virginica
Carolina spring-beautyClaytonia caroliniana
Nyctaginaceae - “Four O’Clocks”
Wild Four o'ClockMirabilis nyctaginea
Polygonaceae - Knotweed/Smartweed/Buckweed
Common BuckwheatFagopyrum esculentum
low smartweedPersicaria longiseta
spotted lady's thumbPersicaria maculosa
spotted lady's thumbPersicaria maculosa
pinkweedPersicaria pensylvanica
arrow-leaved tearthumbPersicaria sagittata
American jumpseedPersicaria virginiana
pale smartweedPersicaria lapathifolia
low smartweedPersicaria longiseta
water smartweedPersicaria amphibia
Leathery KnotweedPolygonum achoreum
Prostrate KnotweedPolygonum aviculare
Japanese knotweedReynoutria japonica
curly dockRumex crispus
broad-leaved dockRumex obtusifolius
Common SorrelRumex acetosa
Portulacaceae - Purslane
Common PurslanePortulaca oleracea
Celastraceae - Bittersweets
American bittersweetCelastrus scandens
Pontederiaceae - Pickerelweeds
pickerelweedPontederia cordata
Hydrangeaceae - Hydrangeas
Panicle HydrangeaHydrangea paniculata
Staphyleaceae
American bladdernutStaphylea trifolia
Cucurbitaceae - Squash & Cucumber
wild cucumberEchinocystis lobata
Caprifoliaceae - Honeysuckles
American fly-honeysuckleLonicera canadensis
Common SnowberrySymphoricarpos albus
common valerianValeriana officinalis
Equisetaceae - Horsetails
field horsetailEquisetum arvense
wood horsetailEquisetum sylvaticum
Balsaminaceae - Balsams/Impatiens
spotted jewelweedImpatiens capensis
Himalayan balsamImpatiens glandulifera
pale jewelweedImpatiens pallida
small balsamImpatiens parviflora
Ericaceae - Heather
Ghost PipesMonotropa uniflora
shinleafPyrola elliptica
Polemoniaceae - Phlox
blue phloxPhlox divaricata
fall phloxPhlox paniculata
Primulaceae - Primrose
fringed loosestrifeLysimachia ciliata
starflowerLysimachia borealis
Dotted LoosestrifeLysimachia punctata
creeping JennyLysimachia nummularia
Gooseneck LoosestrifeLysimachia clethroides
CowslipPrimula veris
Fabaceae - Peas/Beans
desert false indigoAmorpha fruticosa
American hog-peanutAmphicarpaea bracteata
tall blue wild indigoBaptisia australis
showy tick-trefoilDesmodium canadense
panicled ticktrefoilDesmodium paniculatum
honey locustGleditsia triacanthos
pointed-leaved tick-trefoilHylodesmum glutinosum
Narrow-leaved Everlasting-peaLathyrus sylvestris
broad-leaved sweet peaLathyrus latifolius
bird's-foot trefoilLotus corniculatus
Large-leaved lupineLupinus polyphyllus
AlfalfaMedicago sativa
Black MedickMedicago lupulina
White Sweet-cloverMelilotus albus
black locustRobinia pseudoacacia
purple crownvetchSecurigera varia
white cloverTrifolium repens
red cloverTrifolium pratense
Alsike cloverTrifolium hybridum
Zigzag CloverTrifolium medium
tufted vetchVicia cracca
Apocynaceae - Dogbane/Milkweed
hemp dogbaneApocynum cannabinum
spreading dogbaneApocynum androsaemifolium
common milkweedAsclepias syriaca
swamp milkweedAsclepias incarnata
butterfly milkweedAsclepias tuberosa
lesser periwinkleVinca minor
Gentianaceae - Gentians
CentauriesCentaurium
Lesser CentauryCentaurium pulchellum
Rubiaceae - Coffee/Madder/Bedstraw
fragrant bedstrawGalium triflorum
Common Marsh-bedstrawGalium palustre
Lady's BedstrawGalium verum
Hedge BedstrawGalium mollugo
three-petal bedstrawGalium trifidum
partridgeberryMitchella repens
Geraniaceae - Cranes bill
Meadow Crane's-billGeranium pratense
Bignoniaceae - Bignonias
American trumpet vineCampsis radicans
Lamiaceae - Labiates
HyssopAgastache
anise hyssopAgastache foeniculum
carpet bugleAjuga reptans
Wild BasilClinopodium vulgare
Common hemp-nettleGaleopsis tetrahit
ground-ivyGlechoma hederacea
Spotted deadnettleLamium maculatum
common motherwortLeonurus cardiaca
European Water-horehoundLycopus europaeus
American bugleweedLycopus americanus
northern bugleweedLycopus uniflorus
Canada mintMentha canadensis
Scarlet BeebalmMonarda didyma
wild bergamotMonarda fistulosa
CatnipNepeta cataria
OreganoOriganum vulgare
obedient plantPhysostegia virginiana
common selfhealPrunella vulgaris
Virginia mountain mintPycnanthemum virginianum
side-flowering skullcapScutellaria lateriflora
HedgenettlesStachys
Marsh WoundwortStachys palustris
American germanderTeucrium canadense
Orobanchaceae
false foxglovesAgalinis
slender false foxgloveAgalinis tenuifolia
BeechdropsEpifagus virginiana
Phrymaceae
Allegheny monkeyflowerMimulus ringens
American lopseedPhryma leptostachya
Plantaginaceae
Chelone glabraChelone
Linaria vulgarisLinaria
Linaria
Penstemon digitalisPenstemon
Plantago majorPlantago
Plantago lanceolataPlantago
Plantago rugeliiPlantago
Veronica longifoliaVeronica
Veronica serpyllifoliaVeronica
Veronica officinalisVeronica
Veronica persicaVeronica
Scrophulariaceae
Butterfly bushBuddleja davidii
common mulleinVerbascum thapsus
Verbenaceae
blue vervainVerbena hastata
white vervainVerbena urticifolia
purpletop vervainVerbena bonariensis
hoary vervainVerbena stricta
Colchicaceae
largeflower bellwortUvularia grandiflora
Liliaceae
bluebead lilyClintonia borealis
yellow trout lilyErythronium americanum
Indian Cucumber RootMedeola virginiana
rose twisted-stalkStreptopus lanceolatus
Melanthiaceae
large white trilliumTrillium grandiflorum
red trilliumTrillium erectum
large white trilliumTrillium grandiflorum
painted trilliumTrillium undulatum
Smilacaceae
smooth carrionflowerSmilax herbacea
Magnoliaceae
magnolia familyMagnoliaceae
Euphorbiaceae
common copperleafAcalypha rhomboidea
Spotted spurgeEuphorbia maculata
leafy spurgeEuphorbia virgata
cypress spurgeEuphorbia cyparissias
sandmatsAnisophyllum
Hypericaceae
spotted St. John's wortHypericum punctatum
Violaceae
downy yellow violetViola pubescens
common blue violetViola sororia
Eurasian Sweet VioletViola odorata
sweet white violetViola blanda
Canada violetViola canadensis
Malvaceae
velvetleafAbutilon theophrasti
musk mallowMalva moschata
dwarf mallowMalva neglecta
basswoodTilia americana
Little-leaf LindenTilia cordata
Thymelaeaceae
eastern leatherwoodDirca palustris
Lythraceae
purple loosestrifeLythrum salicaria
Onagraceae
fireweedChamaenerion angustifolium
broadleaf enchanter's nightshadeCircaea canadensis
fringed willowherbEpilobium ciliatum
Great WillowherbEpilobium hirsutum
common evening-primroseOenothera biennis
hairy evening primroseOenothera villosa
northern evening-primroseOenothera parviflora
Cabombaceae
WatershieldBrasenia schreberi
Nymphaeaceae
American white waterlilyNymphaea odorata
Osmundaceae
American Royal FernOsmunda spectabilis
interrupted fernOsmunda claytoniana
Oxalidaceae
upright yellow woodsorrelOxalis stricta
slender yellow woodsorrelOxalis dillenii
Creeping WoodsorrelOxalis corniculata
Aristolochiaceae
Canadian wild gingerAsarum canadense
Cyperaceae
plantainleaf sedgeCarex plantaginea
cattail sedgeCarex typhina
awl-fruited sedgeCarex stipata
fringed sedgeCarex crinita
eastern woodland sedgeCarex blanda
Inflated Narrow-leaved SedgeCarex grisea
Blunt SpikerushEleocharis obtusa
soft-stemmed bulrushSchoenoplectus tabernaemontani
dark green bulrushScirpus atrovirens
woolgrassScirpus cyperinus
Poaceae
redtopAgrostis gigantea
Smooth BromeBromus inermis
orchard grassDactylis glomerata
barnyardgrassEchinochloa crus-galli
Quack GrassElymus repens
tall ryegrassLolium arundinaceum
SilvergrassesMiscanthus
panicgrassesPanicum
witch grassPanicum capillare
reed canary grassPhalaris arundinacea
Timothy grassPhleum pratense
common reedPhragmites australis
foxtails and bristlegrassesSetaria
yellow foxtailSetaria pumila
Green Bristle GrassSetaria viridis
Sphenopholis
dropseeds, cordgrasses, and sandreedsSporobolus
Bread WheatTriticum aestivum
annual wild riceZizania aquatica
Typhaceae
bulrushes and cattailsTypha
broadleaf cattailTypha latifolia
narrow-leaved cattailTypha angustifolia
Berberidaceae
Japanese barberryBerberis thunbergii
blue cohoshCaulophyllum thalictroides
early blue cohoshCaulophyllum giganteum
Menispermaceae
moonseedMenispermum canadense
Papaveraceae
Greater celandineChelidonium majus
BleedingheartsDicentra
Dutchman's breechesDicentra cucullaria
wild bleeding-heartDicentra eximia
Oriental PoppyPapaver orientale
bloodrootSanguinaria canadensis
Ranunculaceae
white baneberryActaea pachypoda
baneberries and cohoshesActaea
red baneberryActaea rubra
red baneberryActaea rubra
meadow anemoneAnemonastrum canadense
columbinesAquilegia
marsh marigoldCaltha palustris
Purple ClematisClematis occidentalis
virgin's-bowerClematis virginiana
sharp-lobed hepaticaHepatica acutiloba
hepaticasHepatica
sharp-lobed hepaticaHepatica acutiloba
pasqueflowersPulsatilla
meadow buttercupRanunculus acris
Creeping buttercupRanunculus repens
bulbous buttercupRanunculus bulbosus
early meadow-rueThalictrum dioicum
tall meadow-rueThalictrum pubescens
Cannabaceae
common hackberryCeltis occidentalis
HopsHumulus
Rhamnaceae
glossy buckthornFrangula alnus
False-BuckthornsFrangula
common buckthornRhamnus cathartica
buckthorn familyRhamnaceae
Rosaceae
tall hairy agrimonyAgrimonia gryposepala
agrimoniesAgrimonia
roadside agrimonyAgrimonia striata
serviceberriesAmelanchier
Canadian serviceberryAmelanchier canadensis
common silverweedArgentina anserina
black chokeberryAronia melanocarpa
dotted hawthornCrataegus punctata
fireberry hawthornCrataegus chrysocarpa
Holmes' HawthornCrataegus holmesiana
hawthornsCrataegus
Large-thorn hawthornCrataegus macracantha
Hairy CockspurthornCrataegus submollis
Fanleaf HawthornCrataegus flabellata
wild strawberryFragaria vesca
Virginia strawberryFragaria virginiana
wild strawberryFragaria vesca
Yellow AvensGeum aleppicum
avensGeum
Wood AvensGeum urbanum
white avensGeum canadense
appleMalus domestica
European Wild AppleMalus sylvestris
appleMalus domestica
common ninebarkPhysocarpus opulifolius
sulphur cinquefoilPotentilla recta
rough cinquefoilPotentilla norvegica
cinquefoilsPotentilla
sulphur cinquefoilPotentilla recta
silverleaf cinquefoilPotentilla argentea
mock strawberryPotentilla indica
Creeping cinquefoilPotentilla reptans
choke cherryPrunus virginiana
pin cherryPrunus pensylvanica
bird cherryPrunus padus
black cherryPrunus serotina
plums, cherries, and alliesPrunus
Canada plumPrunus nigra
smooth roseRosa blanda
Prickly Wild RoseRosa acicularis
rosesRosa
rugosa roseRosa rugosa
Russian roseRosa glabrifolia
purple-flowered raspberryRubus odoratus
bramblesRubus
black raspberryRubus occidentalis
Allegheny blackberryRubus allegheniensis
dwarf raspberryRubus pubescens
red raspberryRubus idaeus
dwarf raspberryRubus pubescens
red raspberryRubus idaeus
European mountain ashSorbus aucuparia
Rowans and Mountain AshesSorbus
Urticaceae
false nettleBoehmeria cylindrica
wood nettleLaportea canadensis
Canada clearweedPilea pumila
clearweedPilea
stinging nettleUrtica dioica
Anacardiaceae
SmokebushCotinus coggygria
staghorn sumacRhus typhina
eastern poison ivyToxicodendron radicans
poison ivies and oaksToxicodendron
western poison ivyToxicodendron rydbergii
Rutaceae
prickly ashZanthoxylum americanum
Grossulariaceae
prickly gooseberryRibes cynosbati
swamp currantRibes lacustre
Penthoraceae
ditch stonecropPenthorum sedoides
Convolvulaceae
hedge bindweedCalystegia sepium
large bindweedCalystegia silvatica
field bindweedConvolvulus arvensis
Solanaceae
clammy groundcherryPhysalis heterophylla
long-leaved groundcherryPhysalis longifolia
cutleaf groundcherryPhysalis angulata
bittersweet nightshadeSolanum dulcamara
Vitaceae
Virginia creeperParthenocissus quinquefolia
thicket creeperParthenocissus inserta
riverbank grapeVitis riparia
wine grapeVitis vinifera